A dislocated patella is when the kneecap slides out of place. It often affects young women following an inadvertent movement or trauma. The most common cause is dysplasia (malformation) of the femur and patella. Treatment aims to recentre the patella over the joint. The treatment may be medical (physical therapy/rehabilitation) or surgical. If surgery is required, there are several options available (e.g. tibial tubercle transfer, MPFL reconstruction, trochleoplasty).
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